NOJA Power

Technical Article

Published 02/2023

How to protect Two Pole Single Phase Overhead Lines with Reclosers

Two Pole NOJA Power OSM Recloser
Two Pole NOJA Power OSM Recloser

Two pole single phase electricity distribution is common in rural areas of Australia. By taking a phase-to-phase tap from a three phase feeder, two pole single phase offers cost savings in rural distribution over three phase lines, but also offers lower resistive losses and improved safety when resistive soils are encountered.

Unlike Single Wire Earth Return (SWER) lines, the completed circuit does not rely on the earth to provide a return current path.

A NOJA Power OSM Recloser in two pole configuration, Australia
A NOJA Power OSM Recloser in two pole configuration, Australia © NOJA Power 2023

Protecting Two Wire Systems

Implementing protection for two wire systems is similar to the three phase equivalent. It is important to trip both poles in the event of a fault to ensure the downstream line is completely isolated. Problems occur if only one phase is interrupted, such as downstream earth faults which could be fed from either wire, or downstream phase to phase transformers being energised from the uninterrupted side. Electrical engineers must be sure to interrupt both wires in fault conditions.

Historically, protecting two wire systems was accomplished with three phase equipment, but the centre phase was left disconnected. Whilst this was a practical solution, this configuration often meant excess expenditure on components that weren’t being used – in this case the centre switchgear pole.

Driven by this market requirement, NOJA Power developed a two pole variant of the OSM Recloser, which offers a cost optimisation for equipment for this application.

Protection relaying methods applied to these two wire spurs are generally overcurrent protection. Trip time curves can be graded with downstream protective devices, such as line fuses, in either a fuse saving or fuse blowing strategy.

The unique difference is how the main backbone feeder sees faults on two wire spurs.

When a fault occurs on these spurs, the three phase main feeder will pick up an imbalance – an overcurrent on the two impacted phases. This imbalance can be detected with Negative Phase Sequence (NPS) protection in the mainline OSM Recloser.

Therefore, a mainline three phase recloser can grade with a single phase two wire spur through using NPS protection on the main line, graded with the overcurrent pickup on the two pole spur.

“We can provide these two pole reclosers in 15, 27 and 38kV variants,” says NOJA Power Group Managing Director Neil O’Sullivan.

“They are compatible with your complete range of RC control cubicles.”


NOJA Power’s OSM Recloser product can be used to protect SWER, Two Wire Single Phase and Three phase medium voltage distribution lines. While the switchgear pole configuration may vary, the controller could be identical. This allows utility engineers to standardise on a single control option, while addressing a multitude of distribution network protection applications. For more information, visit or contact your local NOJA Power Distributor.

Close up of a two pole NOJA Power OSM Recloser in NSW Australia
Close up of a two pole NOJA Power OSM Recloser in NSW Australia © 2023. Both incomers and outgoing connections have inline solid isolator links. These can be opened for a working point of isolation when line maintenance is required. The controller is mounted below the recloser, with a Yagi antenna for remote control and operation of the equipment. A phase to phase auxiliary voltage transformer provides the AC supply to the Recloser Controller, in this case a NOJA Power RC-10. The connection cables onto the Recloser are insulated XLPE, offering a mitigation for wildlife contact with live terminals. These are further enhanced by wildlife guards on the recloser terminals, and heat shrink guards over the surge arrestor tail connections.

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